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Hockey is a very intense sport that started in the late 19th century. Hockey can also be identified with other early games, such as hurling and shinty. During the Middle Ages, a French stick game called hoquet was played, and the English word may be derived from it. Hockey is believed to date from the earliest civilizations. The Arabs, Greeks, Persians, and Romans each had their versions, and traces of a stick game played by the Aztec Indians of South America have been found.Field hockey, also called hockey, an outdoor game which is played by two opposing teams of 11 players each. They use sticks curved at the striking end to hit a small, hard ball into their opponent's goal. There is one more type of hockey which is played on ice and called ice hockey. Terminologies of Hockey -Player - One of the participants in a team. Team - A team consists of a maximum of sixteen persons composed of a maximum of eleven players on the field and up to five substitutes. This may be amended by Regulation to a maximum of eighteen players. Field Player - One of the participants on the field other than the goalkeeper. Goalkeeper - One of the participants of each team on the field who wears full protective equipment comprising at least headgear, leg guards and kickers and who is also permitted to wear goalkeeping hand protectors and other protective equipment. Field Player with Goalkeeping - Privileges One of the participants on the field who does not wear full protective equipment but who has goalkeeping privileges. Mandatory Experiment: it is not allowed to play with a Field Player with Goalkeeping Privileges. Attack (Attacker) - The team (player) which (who) is trying to score a goal. Defense (Defender) - The team (player) which (who) is trying to prevent a goal being scored.Back-line The shorter (55 meters) perimeter line. Goal-line The back-line between the goal-posts. Side-line The longer (91.40 meters) perimeter line. Circle The area enclosed by and including the two-quarter circles and the lines joining them at each end of the field opposite the center of the back-lines.Read More: Did You Know About Underwater Hockey23 meters area The area enclosed by and including the line across the field 22.90 meters from each back-line, the relevant part of the side-lines, and the back-line. Playing the ball: field player Stopping, deflecting or moving the ball with the stick. Shot at goal The action of an attacker attempting to score by playing the ball towards the goal from within the circle. The ball may miss the goal but the action is still a " shot at goal" if the player intends to score with a shot directed towards the goal. Hit - Striking or slapping' the ball using a swinging movement of the stick towards the ball. "Slap" hitting the ball, which involves a long pushing or sweeping movement with the stick before making contact with the ball, is regarded as a hit. Push - Moving the ball along the ground using a pushing movement of the stick after the stick has been placed in contact or close to the ball. When a push is made, both the ball and the head of the stick are in contact with the ground. Flick - Pushing the ball so that it is raised off the ground. Scoop Raising the ball off the ground by placing the head of the stick under the ball and using a lifting movement. Forehand Playing a ball that is to the right of the player in a forward direction. Playing distance The distance within which a player is capable of reaching the ball to play it.Tackle An action to stop an opponent retaining possession of the ball. 10 Important Hockey Rules The Rules of Hockey apply to all hockey players and officials at all levels of the game. In the game of hockey, the responsibility and liability of safety are placed on team players. Everyone involved in the game must act with consideration for the safety of others. Relevant national legislation must be observed. Players must ensure that their equipment does not constitute a danger to themselves or others by its quality, materials or design. Any verification of facilities or equipment conducted before a match is limited to ensure an overall appearance of compliance and sporting requirements.The basic field hockey rules - Hockey players can only hit the ball with the flat side of their stick. Hockey players (other than the goalkeeper) are not allowed to use their feet, or any other parts of the body, to control the ball at any time. A goal can only be scored either from a field goal, a penalty corner, or from a penalty stroke. A field goal is a goal scored from open play, and can only be scored from inside the striking circle', in front of the opponent's goal. If the hockey ball is hit from outside the circle and goes into the goal, it does not count as a goal. Hockey players may not trip, push, charge, interfere with, or physically handle an opponent in any way. Hockey is a non-contact sport and all fouls result in a free hit or a penalty corner' for the non-offending team depending on where the infringement took place and the severity of the foul.Types of foul in field hockey Obstruction. This is awarded against a hockey player who uses their body or sticks to prevent an opponent from reaching the ball.Third-party obstruction. This is awarded when a hockey player positions themselves between the ball and an opponent, allowing a team-mate an unobstructed play on the ball.Advancing. This is awarded against a player who shoves, pushes, or advances the ball in any way, using any part of their body.Back sticks. This is awarded against a player who strikes the ball with the rounded back of the hockey stick.Hockey stick interference. This is awarded against a player who uses their stick to hit an opponent's stick, either intentionally or unintentionally.Undercutting. This is awarded against a player who dangerously lifts the ball.Sticks. This is awarded against a player who raises their stick dangerously near another player.Types of punishment in field hockey - Fouls in a hockey match can be punished in three main ways. These are as follows:Free hit. This is a free play awarded on any offenses that occur outside of the scoring circle. It usually takes place at the location of the violation. All opposing players must stand at least 5 yards (4.6m) from where the hit is to be taken. Penalty corner. This is awarded to the attacking team when the defense either commits a foul inside the striking circle or intentionally hits the ball out-of-bounds over the end line. A penalty corner is taken by an attacking player at a spot on the end-line 10 yards (9.2m) away from the nearest goal post. All other attackers must stand outside the striking circle, while five defenders, including the goalkeeper, stand behind the end line until contact is made with the ball. Once the ball has been put in play, all players can rush into the circle to either defend or shoot the ball at the goal.Penalty stroke. This is awarded to the attacking side when an offense is committed by the defending side which is deemed to have prevented an almost certain goal. A penalty is taken 7 yards (6.4m) from goal, with the player having only the goalkeeper to beat.Field hockey umpires - There are two umpires on the hockey field, who are usually responsible for each half of the pitch. A player who breaches the rules, either by rough or dangerous play, misconduct, or an intentional offense, can be shown a card either green, yellow or red.Green. This is an official warning given to the hockey player to not break the rules.Yellow. This results in a hockey player being sent off the pitch for 5 minutes, following an offense.Red. A red card results in an early shower and is given for more serious offense.Penalty Shot: A free shot, unopposed except for the goalie, given to a player who is illegally impeded from behind when in possession of the puck with no opponent between him and the goal except the goalie. The team which commits the offense is not penalized beyond the penalty shot, whether it succeeds or not. A penalty shot is called when the following criteria have been met:The foul does not take place in the defensive end.The fouled play has the puck.The player is attacked from behind.A clear scoring chance was nullified through the offense.There are no people between the fouled player and the goalie.When a penalty shot is called, the following rules apply: Only the fouled player may shoot.Only the player and goalie may be on the ice.The goalie may not leave the crease until the puck at mid-ice is played.There is only one shot.Time frame rule - There are 60 minutes in a game, which are split into 3 periods. Between the periods, there are 15-minute breaks. The play clock stops when the puck is not on the ice. During stoppages, the players are usually substituted. Games typically take two and a half hours. Also, at the end of each period, teams switch sides. When the score is tied at the end of regulation, there is overtime. In the NHL, overtime is played in a 3 on 3 scenarios, the first goal wins. If after the overtime a goal has not been scored, the game moves into a shootout.The hockey rink - The hockey rink featuring lines and dots. With that, every line has a reason. We'll explain it. By the goals, there is the red goal line. In hockey, you may play behind the goals but not in the blue half circle, called crease. The referee crease can be found in the neutral zone. On the rink, there are 8 red dots - 4 with circles. They are called face-off zones. After the play is blown dead, the puck will be placed at the nearest face-off zone.Overtime: Overtime: If regulation ends with both teams tied, there will be an extra sudden-death overtime period of 5 minutes played. In the NHL, overtime is played 3 on 3, the First goal wins. If there is no winner, then there is a shootout. Leagues have many different rules.Playoffs: In the playoffs, the top teams will be played in a tournament to decide the best team. In the NHL, 16 teams are in the playoffs. In the round of 16, the best western conference team faces the worst western conference team. Play-offs are played in a best of 7. One team must win 4 times in order to advance.Penalties - In hockey, there are often fights. For the layman, this is an exciting part of the game. Physical contact is an important part of the game. It is allowed, and also tactically important, to check your opponent. Fisticuffs are usually punished with a 5-minute penalty for both parties. The most important penalties are - The most important rule is offside. When entering the attacking zone, if you or a team member crosses the blue line before the puck, the play is whistled dead and a faceoff will occur in the neutral zone.Players are allowed to play the puck with their skates, but players cannot kick the puck into the goal.Another classic rule break applies to the hockey stick. The end of the stick may never be held above the shoulders.Read More: Struggling period for Indian Women Hockey team to enter the Tokyo 2020 Olympics
The Olympics are just around the next year which is going to be in Tokyo. The official brand name of the Olympic 2020 events is Ready Steady Tokyo. It is believed that the brand name of the Olympics will bring more excitement towards the game. Almost every country has completed its primary preparations for the Tokyo 2020 Olympics. You might not know this but there are some test events which are going to be held at these Olympic events. These events will help in improving the competition amongst the players and team. These test events will help in completing all the necessary preparation for the game. It will also ensure that there are no issues during the actual game. During the Olympic and Paralympic games, every country is hoping to win and no one wants anything to go wrong which is why these test events are necessary. Under the supervision of International and national federations for Olympic, everything will be done properly. Schedule of Hockey Test Event in the OlympicIn the test events of Tokyo Olympics 2020, the hockey events are always special. Every team competes with each other for the first place so that they can score the gold medal for their country. The events for the hockey will be held from 17 to 21 August 2019. It is going to be played in Oi Hockey Stadium which is organized by the Tokyo Organising Committee of Olympic. So if you are also excited for the event then make sure that you are ready. All the timings for the game will be according to the standard timing of Japan.Preparation for the Tokyo Olympics 2020The logo of the Tokyo 2020 Olympics is designed by using the strokes of the brush which also symbolize the calligraphy performed in Japan. The logo of this years Olympic is also amazing and you can check it on the Internet. According to the official of Japan this logo is created in such a way that it will motivate the participants to perform their best. The blue color symbolizes the sweat of the participants which shows the appreciation for their hard work.Details about the Olympic 2020In Tokyo 2020 Olympics, a total of 56 events will be taking place which will continue till May 2020. There are various types of sporting events which are going to be held at various places in Tokyo. If you love sports then this is the perfect event for you so make sure that you do not miss anything. The brand name of this years Olympic will only feature in these events. Where can you watch these Olympic eventsIf you are planning to watch the Tokyo 2020 Olympics then you can either go to Japan or you can watch them online. There are various television companies which have already taken the rights of the premiere of the Olympic games. So you can get the subscription of these channels and enjoy watching various sports events. Interesting facts about Olympics and hockeyThere are various reasons why Hockey is one of the most loved sports in the Olympics. Do you know that in the 2012 Olympics in London, Hockey was the 3rd most watched sports of the events? In the hockey mens event, the swing speed is about 103 miles which is the highest in any sports. Hockey is the 2nd most popular sports in the world only behind Soccer. Hockey is also the oldest team sports which were first played around 1700. So make sure that you do not miss any events of the 2020 Summer Olympics.Hockey is played in more than 100 countries and over three million people play this amazing sport. Women hockey was first introduced in the 1980 Olympics and since then it is quite popular. This year is also going to be amazing so make sure that you do not miss Tokyo 2020 Olympics.Which country has won the most medals for Mens Hockey in Olympic?Every game has a champion country which always performs best in it. The hockey event is always most watched by countries like India which is most successful in this game. In the history of hockey, Olympics India has won 8 gold medals and has an undefeated 6 streaks from 1928-1956. That is why the Tokyo 2020 Olympics will have the most audience for Hockey from India. If you also love this amazing sport then you should consider watching it from an official online source. You can also visit Japan to show support for the players in your country.
All about underwater hockey game! Famous as the name of Octopus in the UK, Underwater hockey is a game which is played at the global level. The two teams compete with each other to maneuver the puck to make goals by using Pusher. This game was invented in England in the year 1954, and now it is played all over the world. In the year 1980, the first underwater hockey world championship was held in Canada. If someone wants to play this game, then that person should know swimming accurately because this game requires swimming as the necessary skill.Gameplay In the underwater hockey world, two teams compete with each other, and puck is placed in the middle of the swimming pool. The players wait with touching defending goal till the buzzer signals to begin the game. The teams can swim from any direction to score the goal. The players have to hold their breath when they dive in the pool bottom. The primary team formation is three-three players, among which three are defensive while three are offensive players. There might be three forward players, a back and two midfielders in the team. If there are too many hockey players in the area, then it can result in a foul. If someone tries to use a hockey stick to hit another player, then it is known as blocking, and then the penalty is charged on the player. If the penalty case is minor, then the advantage puck is provided on the team when he committed foul team is pushed three meters back. When the significant penalties take place, then the referee can also remove the player for a limited period from the game. The players who become successful in the game have an amazing ability to recover and hold their breath along with strong swimming skills. The players who can swim with higher pace underwater are more likely to get control of the puck in the water hockey world. Injuries in the game The spectators might not be aware of the injuries which can be caused under the water during game play. There are huge risks of injury for the players who play this sport. Torn muscles, light scratches, and sprains are some common injuries while major injuries include broken fingers, deeper cuts, and life-threatening risks. There are chances of the drowning of a player if he gets unconscious under the water. The personal protective equipment is provided to the players to avoid injuries during the game, but some injuries are unpredictable and unavoidable. There are mouth guards, ear guards and gloves which are mandatory for every player who plays this game. This is a huge risk of hemoptysis in the players while they stay underwater for a long time. There is no doubt that the game is quite interesting and it will be loved by every swimmer.Scoring of underwater hockey In Underwater hockey, the goal is scored by a team when the puck is sent in the opponent goal with the use of a stick. No body part of another instrument can be used to make goals. The game is won when time finishes. The team which has scored the most goals in the match will be the winner. In case there is a draw, then the teams would get fifteen minutes more to score. What are the rules of Underwater hockey?The teams have ten players each but there will be six players in the pool all the time during the game. The rest of the four players are just substitutes for the team in this hockey world. This game is played in two halves and every half is of 15 minutes with five minutes of resting period in between those halves. The team can be divided into defense and attacking mode. The midfield players play with variation always. The players are allowed to score by using hockey stick and other body parts can never be used to move the puck in the pool. The players can make contact with other team players unless they have puck possession. What are the advantages of playing Underwater hockey?This game is a great option to say in perfect body shape. The swimming can improve stamina and cardio during the game. The core muscles of a human can be developed while playing the game. It is an entertaining and fun game which is unique as compared to the other games played on the field. Before beginning to play the game, you need to get proper coaching for underwater hockey so that you dont have to face many injuries.
From the start of 2019, the hockey coaches are obsessed with Commonwealth Games which are going to hold this year. Harendra Singh and Sjoerd Marijne have placed Asian Games on top because Gold medal won in Jakarta helped in confirming their place in the Tokyo Olympics. The Indian girls have made to the London World Cup as they won Asia Cup Womens tournament in the year 2018. The womens hockey team wasnt able to win Asian games; else, they might have got a direct entry for Tokyo Olympics 2020.Other than the host (Japan), there are 11 teams which are eligible to be qualified in Tokyo Olympics 2020. The Indian women became runner ups in the Asian games, and thats why they would find it difficult to get direct entry into the Olympics. The team will have to play in the Olympics Qualification Events. Continental Championships for women to qualify for Olympics 2020. The womens hockey team has to win the continental championships to get a direct qualification in Olympics 2020. Here are the continental championships for women:14th European Nations Championship for Women Africa Womens Olympic Qualification Tournament 201918th Pan American Games 201918th Asian Games 201811th Womens Oceania Cup 2019The teams which arent able to get into the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics directly via continental qualifiers, then they have to play in the elaborate round held by the Olympics. India hasnt qualified directly for the Olympics, but this tournament for qualification might help them to enter in the Olympics 2020. Qualify for the Hockey Series International Hockey Federation teams can play Hockey series open till they arent part of Hockey Pro League. In the next few years, Hockey Series Open will become a qualifying round for the World Cup also. This tournament is played in two parts: One is Hockey Series Open and the second one is Hockey Series Finals. The Hockey Series Open can be played by India as well as Vilnius, Wattignes, Port Vila and Singapore. Hockey series finals There will be a total of 24 teams which will participate in the Finals of the tournament. The three events will take place for eight teams each. The top two teams from the Finals are going to qualify for the Olympic qualification events, and they can join the Hockey Pro League. According to the FIH World rankings, the two teams who will get high ranks will have to place against each other. The top six teams from the qualification event would join other five teams who have already secured their places in the Olympics through continental championships. The Indian womens hockey team would have a busy year as they have to prepare for the qualification events in the best manner to enter in the 2020 Summer Olympics. Know about Hockey Pro League tournament Earlier, Hockey World League is now named as Hockey Pro league, and there will be nine teams which will play against each other, and only four teams will be qualified for the final round. Great Britain, Belgium, Argentina, Australia, Spain, New Zealand, Germany, and the Netherlands would be part of the Pro League. India is also a major hockey team in the world, but it wont be participating in HPL, but have to qualify through Hockey series to get into the Olympics 2020. The FIH has announced the significant criteria for the Tokyo Olympics 2020 for hockey teams, and this means that India has to appear in two rounds to get qualified for the Olympics 2020. One is the series finals and the second is Olympic qualifiers. The Indian womens hockey team wont be able to participate in the Pro League, and thats why it will become more difficult for them to score high in the qualifier round. The nine teams which are already in the Pro League would earn ranking points when they will play every single game at Pro League, and they would also be able to play at least 16 games. Whats more for Indian women hockey team?India might slide down in the world rankings if they don't come up in the top two teams of Hockey Series finals. The final qualifier round of Indian team will come against a highly ranked team. A lot of pressure is building on the players, but 2018 has been a good year for the Indian hockey team. The team would try to enter the Tokyo Olympics 2020 as they are hungry to get more. They arent satisfied with their performances till now, and they believe that better performance could be done by them to improve the ranking and win a place in the Olympics 2020. Read More Articles :Yuvraj Singh has signed with Toronto Nationals to play in Global T20 Canada
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